Henri Matisse (1869 – 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was primarily known as a painter but was also a sculptor and draughtsman.

Matisse is commonly regarded as one of the artists throughout the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Matisse helped to define and influence radical contemporary art in the 20th century.